The classification system of Italian wines has four classes, with the intention of defining a wine's origin a quality. Two of these classes are table wines, whilst DOC and DOCG fall under the EU quality wine produced in a specific region category. Vino da Tavola (VDT) means that the wine comes from Italy. Most of these wines are generally basic table wines that are consumed domestically. Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT) denotes a more specific region within Italy, and the resultant will be of higher quality than simple table wines, but won't conform to the rules required for higher certification. Both Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) and Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) are regionally more specific than IGT, and have stricter rules regarding the grape varieties grown, yields per hectare, minimum alcohol levels and so on. The major difference between DOC and DOCG is that the latter has to undergo a blind-tasting session to ensure the highest quality is achieved. Italy has 32 DOCG appelations, 311 DOC appelations and 120 IGT zones.
Key regions include Piedmont, Tuscany, Abruzzo, Veneto, Sicily and Sardinia. Common white varieties grown are Pinot Grigio, Arneis, Vermentino, Verdicchio, Fiano and Moscato. The red varieties grown the most are Sangiovese, Barbera, Dolcetto, Nebbiolo, Montepulciano, Primitivo, Nero d'Avola and Corvina.
- An assemblage of ancient vines of Nerello Mascalese coming from different vineyards situated at different altitudes on the northern side of Etna. In general, the highest Contrade lie on more gravelly soils with a larger grain, while the lower ones ... Learn More
- A firecracker red in terms of its appeal to the nose and palate. - Robert Parker The 2012 Passopisciaro is a thing of powerful beauty. The vines used for the blend are 70 to 100 yrs old. This vino offers a nose of ... Learn More
- This is a star in the making--a truly great Passopisciaro and the best wine in this year's releases of Sicilian wines from the talented Andrea Franchetti. - Stephen Tanzer The 2011 Passopisciaro is a thing of powerful beauty. The vines used ... Learn More
Southern Italian wines are something we don't see enough of here in Australia and in an effort to change that, we're going to explore some of those wines together. Virtually visiting regions like Sicily, Campania and Puglia, we'll take ... Learn More