France, Macon

Wine is being produced throughout France and has been done for over 2,500 years with certain Châteaux dating their history back to Roman times, around 6th Century BC. Ranking second in the world in per-capita consumption and first in total production quantity. More-so than the overall quantity of wine is the quantity of truly great wines coming out of France makes the nation the envy of wine-making nations worldwide.

Two concepts pivotal to the higher end French wines, in particular, are the idea of 'terroir' and the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) system. Terroir refers to the way the geography, geology and climate find their way into the glass, telling a story of the origin of the wine. The AOC was set up in 1935 and has the primary goal of protecting the authenticity of the wines and the livelihoods of the producers. Appellation rules strictly define which varieties of grapes and winemaking practices are approved for classification in each of France's several hundred geographically defined appellations, which can cover entire regions, individual villages or in some cases, like in Burgundy even specific vineyards.

Classic wine regions in France include Champagne (home of Champagne), Burgundy (Pinot Noir and Chardonnay), Bordeaux (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Petit Verdot), Alsace (Aromatic varietals), Loire Valley (Chenin Blanc, Crémant) and the Rhône Valley (Syrah, Grenache Mourvedre)

The Bordeaux classification of 1855 is still in use, as is the Sauternes and Barsac Classification of the same year. Wines from certain regions can be bought En Primeur, which is when the wine is sold prior to it being bottled.
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  1. GUFFENS-HEYNEN MACON-PIERRECLOS LE CHAVIGNE 2018
    The Chavigne Pierreclos vineyard lies on a very steep slope of rich brown clays with countless pierrailles, or small stones. Of all his vineyards, “I love Mâcon-Pierreclos, the most,” Guffens told us, “because it was our very first vineyard ... Learn More
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    The Wine Advocate
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  2. GUFFENS-HEYNEN MACON-PIERRECLOS TRI DE CHAVIGNE 2018
    Tri de Chavigne is the result of several successive sortings in the vines at the top of the Chavigne parcel mentioned above. It’s crafted entirely from free-run juice and fermented and raised with 35% new oak. As expected, this is ... Learn More
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    The Wine Advocate
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  3. GUFFENS-HEYNEN MÂCON-PIERRECLOS JULIETTES ET LES VIEILLES DE CHAVIGNE 2018
    2018 is the third release of Guffens’ latest masterpiece, Mâcon-Pierreclos Juliette et les Vieilles de Chavigne. “For many years I have wanted to produce a cuvée from the parcel of vines that I call “Juliette”, says Guffens. Planted in 2003, ... Learn More
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    The Wine Advocate
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  4. GUFFENS-HEYNEN SAINT-VÉRAN CLOS DE PONCETYS 2018
    When, about a decade ago, Jean-Marie Guffens enriched his Estate with a single hectare of Saint-Véran, Clos de Poncetys was the parcel that excited him the most. To this day it’s the only single-vineyard Saint-Véran released by ... Learn More
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    The Wine Advocate
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  5. GUFFENS-HEYNEN POUILLY-FUISSÉ LES TROIS C 2018
    Traditionally this wine (previously called Pouilly-Fuissé C.C) has been a blend of fruit from two 40- to 50-year-old parcels on the steep, chalky western slope of the Roche de Vergisson, in the La Côte and En Carmentrant vineyards ( ... Learn More
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    The Wine Advocate
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