Domaine Jean Dauvissat Pere & Fils 1er Cru Fourchaumes 2017
1 or more bottles$74.99
‘Fourchaume’ is one of the most reputed Premier Crus of Chablis. The slope is a progression of the same one on which the Grand Crus are based. It benefits from the same exposure (to the South-West), which allows it to gain good levels of maturity, even in harder years. This wine shows a real roundness, a perfect counter-balance the typical Chablis minerality.
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Wine is being produced throughout France and has been done for over 2,500 years with certain Châteaux dating their history back to Roman times, around 6th Century BC. Ranking second in the world in per-capita consumption and first in total production quantity. More so than the overall quantity of wine is the quantity of truly great wines coming out of France makes the nation the envy of wine-making nations worldwide.
Two concepts pivotal to the higher end French wines, in particular, are the idea of 'terroir' and the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) system. Terroir refers to the way the geography, geology and climate find their way into the glass, telling a story of the origin of the wine. The AOC was set up in 1935 and has the primary goal of protecting the authenticity of the wines and the livelihoods of the producers. Appellation rules strictly define which varieties of grapes and winemaking practices are approved for classification in each of France's several hundred geographically defined appellations, which can cover entire regions, individual villages or in some cases, like in Burgundy even specific vineyards.
Classic wine regions in France include Champagne (home of Champagne), Burgundy (Pinot Noir and Chardonnay), Bordeaux (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Petit Verdot), Alsace (Aromatic varietals), Loire Valley (Chenin Blanc, Crémant) and the Rhône Valley (Syrah, Grenache Mourvedre)
The Bordeaux classification of 1855 is still in use, as is the Sauternes and Barsac Classification of the same year. Wines from certain regions can be bought En Primeur, which is when the wine is sold prior to it being bottled.
Burgundy is undoubtedly the home of the finest Pinot Noir and Chardonnays in the world, where vineyards, or Domaines have been producing wines for over 2000 years. Burgundy is located in the North-east of France, an hours drive from Lyon and 2 hours from Paris. With over 100 appellations, or sub-regions (more than any other wine region) Burgundy is known for being the most terroir-oriented region in the World. The finest red wines of Burgundy are found in the Côte d'Or, a string of villages including Côte de Nuits, Gevrey-Chambertin, Morey St Denis, Chambolle-Musigny, Vougeot, Vosne-Romanée and Nuits-St Georges.
There are flavours present in great Burgundys that are the envy of Pinot Noir producers worldwide. The elusive peacocks tail finish that goes on and on, and the pretty-elegance backed by Burgundy muscle is the goal of winemakers around the globe. The main levels in the Burgundy classifications, in descending order of quality, are: Grand crus, Premier crus, village appellations, and finally regional appellations. For the Chablis wines, a similar hierarchy of Grand Cru, Premier Cru and Village wines is used, plus Petit Chablis as a level below Village Chablis.
Located in the northern region of Burgundy in France, only a two-hour drive southeast of Paris, Chablis is a wine region covering an area of approximately 2,225 hectares.
Like most of France’s oldest wine regions, the Romans were the first to have planted grapevines in Chablis and during the middle ages, the Catholic Church too played a big role in building commercial interest in wines from the area. It is believed that Chardonnay was first planted in the 12th century and spread throughout the rest of Burgundy from there. Chablis was annexed as a part of Burgundy by the Dukes of Burgundy in the 15th century.
The famous grapevines of Chablis are mostly made up of chardonnay and because of the cool climate of the area, the wines produced here are usually more acidic and less fruity than those made in warmer climates. The result gives the flinty, dry white wines aromas comprising of nuts, vanilla, butter, lemon, and pear. Unlike most of the other Burgundian white wines which are fermented in a barrel, Chablis winemakers rarely use this method of fermentation in order to keep the oaky flavours at bay. The Chablis vineyards are classified into 4 tiers of quality listed from high to low: Chablis Grand Cru, Chablis Premier Cru, Chablis and finally Petit Chablis. The wines of Chablis generally see less oak than their Burgundian counterparts and in many cases are fermented in stainless steel.
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About the brand Domaine Jean Dauvissat Pere et Fils
Domaine Jean Dauvissat Père & Fils works 22 hectares of vineyard in Chablis across 7 communes with 53 separate parcels across Chablis and Chablis Premier Cru. Fabien took over from his father in 2009, following training in Beaune and Dijon concluding with a Masters on Bordeaux.
The Domaine began with Fabien’s grandfather in La Chapelle-Vaupelteigne, but it was Fabien who took up where his grandfather left off in terms of bottling and labelling rather than selling off in bulk. Fabien’s approach is one of respect for the terroir, working each vineyard and parcel individually to express the differences from one site to another; and one of respect for the environment by restricting interventions wherever possible. Vinification is in temperature-controlled stainless steel with the total maturation for the premier crus around two years. A young new Chablis producer to watch.